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Dieser Bereich ist noch in der Überarbeitung, deswegen zuerst noch auf Englisch. Eine Übersetzung erfolgt bald.



WORD CLASSES AND MORPHOLOGY

Substantive und Pronomen

GRUNDLAGEN

Nouns are never inflected hence always stay unchanged. There are no articles ("a" or "the"). Suffixes can be added to change the meaning of the word or a sentence. Further, there is no grammatical gender in Klingon.

MEHRZAHL

To state the plural of a word, the appropriate suffix is attached to the noun. If context is clear, you do not need the suffix. There are three types of plural suffixes: one for beings capable of speech, one for body parts, and one for anything else.

Plural Suffixes
Mehrzahl Vorsilbe Klingonisch Deutsch
sprachfähige -pu' tlhInganpu' Klingonen
Körperteile -Du' qamDu' Füße
Gegenstände -mey balmey Flaschen



Verben

GRUNDLAGEN

Verbs are never changed for tense, gender, plural or anything else. They are combined with prefixes, indicating who is doing something and suffixes indicating how something happens.

VORSILBEN

There is a big set of prefixes for nearly every possible combination of object and subject. There also a few prefixes with no object, for sentences like "I eat". The third person singular (he, she and it) and plural (they) takes no suffix at all, therefore it is called the "zero-prefix" (ø).

Vorsilbe für "kein Objekt"
Pronoun Prefix Verb Beispiel Ü:bersetzung
ich jI- Sop jISop ich esse
du bI- leng bIleng du reist
er/sie/es ø Suv Suv er kämpft
wir ma- 'oj ma'oj wir sind durstig
ihr Su- bom Subom ihr singt
sie ø Qong Qong sie schlafen



NACHSILBEN

....................
SYNTAX


The Klingon sentence order is what makes it look so difficult to learn. On the other hand, it makes it a lot easier, because the word order is never changed. It is always the following:
Object - Verb - Subjekt

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last modified: Friday, 09-Mar-2012 23:03:10 CET
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